Seeing blood in your semen can be startling. It’s uncommon, and it rarely signals a serious problem, especially in men under the age of 40. its also known as hematospermia.
Inflammation of the seminal vesiclesis a common cause of bloody semen. Inflammation of any gland, duct, tube, or organ involved in the male genitals can cause blood in your semen. This includes:
Inflammation can also be caused by irritation from calculi (stones) in the prostate, seminal vesicles, bladder, or urethra.
Just as with inflammation, infections in any gland, duct, tube, or organ involved in the male genitals can cause blood in the semen.
STDs, such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, or herpes, can also cause blood in semen. Infections caused by viruses, bacteria, or fungi can also lead to this condition.
If ducts like the ejaculatory duct are blocked, surrounding blood vessels can dilate and break. If your prostate is enlarged , it can put pressure on your urethra, which can cause bloody semen.
Benign polyps or malignant tumors in the prostate, testicles, epididymis, or seminal vesicles could lead to blood in your semen.
Vascular abnormalities in the male genitals, such as vascular cysts, could explain the blood you’ve seen in your semen.
Conditions that affect your whole body can cause blood in your semen. These include hypertension (high blood pressure) and hemophilia (disorder that leads to easy and excessive bleeding).
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